So, you want to show your goat......
Many people who own goats enjoy spending time at the various goat shows found throughout the the state and even out of state. The following is a list of some "breed standards" that have been developed over years of breeding and showing in an effort to produce the IDEAL goat .
That being said, there are various standards for full blood breeds, precentage animals, and at some shows even mutt goats. What I have listed here are the standards for full blood breeds.
Remember if you would like to get into showing goats to contact a club or attend some shows and learn all you can before purchasing a goat for show.
Any extreme occurrence of an undesirable trait is a disqualification.
A prominent, strong head with brown eyes and a gentle appearance. Nose with a gentle
curve, wide nostrils, and well formed mouth with well-opposed jaws. The jaws must have
no over or under bite from birth to 24 months of age. After 24 months no more than a ¼
of an inch under bite is allowed. Correct fit is preferred. Teeth should erupt in the proper
sequential positions. The forehead should be prominent and form an even curve linking
the nose and horns. Horns should be dark, round, strong, of moderate length, positioned
well apart and have a gradual backward curve before turning outward symmetrically.
Ears should be smooth of medium length and hang downward.
Faults: Concave forehead, straight horns,
jaw too pointed, overshot or undershot jaws
Disqualifications: Blue eyes, ears folded lengthwise, short ears, parrot mouth or more
than ¼ of an inch under bite.
NECK AND FOREQUARTERS
Neck of moderate length and in proportion with body length. Forequarters full,
well-fleshed, and limbs well jointed and smoothly blended. The chest should be broad.
Shoulders should be fleshy, well proportioned with the rest of the body and smoothly
blended and fitted into the withers. Withers should be broad and well rounded and not
sharp. Legs should be strong, well placed and in proportion with the depth of the body.
Pastern joints should be strong and hooves well-formed and as dark as possible.
Faults: Neck too short or too thin: shoulders too loose, and any structural foreleg, and
muscle, bone, joint, or hoof deformities or abnormalities to include but not limited to
knock knees, bandy legs, hooves pointing outward or inward, splay toes, buck knees,
hollow legs, straight or weak pasterns.
Body should be boldly three-dimensional: long, deep and wide. Ribs should be well sprung. Loin should be well muscled, wide and long. The top line should be reasonably straight and strong and the shoulder well rounded with an abundance of muscle fromshoulder through hip.
Faults: Concave or swayback; chest too narrow or shallow or flat; shoulders weakly
attached; inadequate muscle through the back and loin, pinched heart girth.
Rump should be broad and long with a gentle slope. Britch and thighs well muscled and
rounded. Base of the tail must be centered and straight. The remainder of the tail can
curve upward or to one side. Legs should be strong and the leg should have a straight axis
from the hip (pin bones) through the hock, fetlock, and pastern. Hoofs should be
well-formed and as dark as possible.
Faults: Weak pasterns, straight pasterns, rump too steep, sickle-hocked, cow-hocked, post
Disqualifications: Wry tail
2. SKIN AND COVERING
Any extreme occurrence of an undesirable trait is a disqualification. Skin loose and
supple. Eyelids and other hairless areas must be pigmented. Hairless areas under the tail
should be at least 75% pigmented: 100% is preferred. Short glossy hair is desirable. A
limited amount of winter down or under-coat will be accepted during winter, especially
in colder environments.
Faults: Hair too long or too coarse.
Disqualifications: Not enough skin pigmentation.
3. REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS
Any extreme occurrence of an undesirable trait is a disqualification.
Does should have well formed udders with good attachment with the number of
functional teats not to exceed two per side. A split teat with two distinctly separated teats
and openings with at least 50% of the body of teat separated is permissible but teats
without a split are preferred. It is most important that the udder is constructed so that the
offspring are able to nurse unassisted.
A. Kidding or Pregnancy
Does must have kidded or exhibited pregnancy by 24 months of age.
Faults : Udder and teat abnormalities or defects to include but not limited to oversized or
bulbous teats, pendulous udder.
Disqualifications: Cluster teats, fishtail teats or a doe that has not kidded or exhibited
signs of pregnancy by 24 months of age.
Bucks must have two large well-formed, functional, equal sized testes in a single scrotum
with no more than a 2" split in the apex of the scrotum.
Disqualifications: Single Testicle. Testicles too small. Abnormal or diseased testes;
excessive split in scrotum.
The preferred Boer goat is an animal with red hair on the head and ears and white on the
remainder of the body but other coloration's are acceptable
The Alpine Dairy Goat is also referred to as the French Alpine and registration papers for this dairy goat use both designations and they are synonymous. The Alpine dairy goat is a medium to large size animal, alertly graceful, with erect ears, offering all colors and combinations of colors with distinction and individuality of appearance. They are hardy, adaptable animals that thrive in any climate while maintaining good health and excellent production. The hair is medium to short. The face is straight. A Roman nose, Toggenburg color and markings, or all-white is discriminated against. Alpine colors are described by using the following terms:
COU BLANC (coo blanc) – literally “white neck” white front quarters and black hindquarters with black or gray markings on the head. COU CLAIR (coo clair) – literally “clear neck” front quarters are tan, saffron, off-white, or shading to gray with black hindquarters.
COU NOIR (coo nwah) – literally “black neck” black front quarters and white hindquarters.
SUNDGAU (sundgow) – black with white markings such as underbody, facial stripes, etc. PIED – spotted or mottled.
CHAMOISEE (shamwahzay) – brown or bay characteristic markings are black face, dorsal stripe, feet and legs, and sometimes a martingale running over the withers and down to the chest. Spelling for male is chamoise.
TWO-TONE CHAMOISEE – light front quarters with brown or gray hindquarters. This is not a cou blanc or cou clair as these terms are reserved for animals with black hindquarters.
BROKEN CHAMOISEE – a solid chamoisee broken with another color by being banded or splashed, etc. Any variation in the above patterns broken with white should be described as a broken pattern such as a broken cou blanc.
The LaMancha goat was developed in the U.S.A. It has excellent dairy temperament and is an all-around sturdy animal that can withstand a great deal of hardship and still produce. Through official testing this breed has established itself in milk production with high butterfat. The LaMancha face is straight with the ears being the distinctive breed characteristic. There are two types of LaMancha ears. In does one type of ear has no advantage over the other. The “gopher ear” is described as follows: an approximate maximum length of one inch (2.54 cm) but preferably nonexistent and with very little or no cartilage. The end of the ear must be turned up or down. This is the only type of ear which will make bucks eligible for registration. The “elf ear” is described as follows: an approximate maximum length of two inches (5.08 cm) is allowed, the end of the ear must be turned up or turned down and cartilage shaping the small ear is allowed. The ear is to be measured with a rigid measure placed firmly against the head at the base of the ear that is neither pulled nor stretched. Natural folds and creases of the ear are to be unaltered during measurement. Any color or combination of colors is acceptable with no preferences. The hair is short, fine and glossy.
NIGERIAN DWARF –
The Nigerian Dwarf is a miniature breed of dairy goat originating in West Africa and developed in the United States. The balanced proportions of the Nigerian Dwarf give it the appearance of the larger breeds of dairy goats, but does stand no more than 22.5″ (57 cm) and bucks no more than 23.5″ (60 cm). Any color or combination of colors is acceptable. The medium length ears are erect and alert. The face is either straight or dished, and the hair is short and fine. (Refer to Appendix “Measuring the Nigerian Dwarf Breed”)
The Nubian is a relatively large, proud, and graceful dairy goat of mixed Asian, African, and European origin, known for high quality, high butterfat, milk production. The head is the distinctive breed characteristic, with the facial profile between the eyes and the muzzle being strongly convex (Roman nose). The ears are long (extending at least one inch [2.54 cm] beyond the muzzle when held flat along the face), wide and pendulous. They lie close to the head at the temple and flare slightly out and well forward at the rounded tip, forming a “bell” shape. The ears are not thick, with the cartilage well defined. The hair is short, fine and glossy. Any color or colors, solid or patterned, is acceptable.
The Oberhasli is a Swiss dairy goat. This breed is a medium size, vigorous and alert in appearance. Its color is chamoisee. Does may be black but chamoisee is preferred. Chamoisee is described as: Bay ranging from light to a deep red bay with the latter most desirable. A few white hairs through the coat and about the ears are permitted. Markings are to be: two black stripes down the face from above each eye to a black muzzle; forehead nearly all black, black stripes from the base of each ear coming to a point just back of the poll and continuing along the neck and back as a dorsal stripe to the tail; a black belly and light gray to black udder; black legs below the knees and hocks; ears black inside and bay outside. Bucks often have more black on the head than does, black whiskers, and black hair along the shoulder and lower chest with a mantle of black along the back. Bucks frequently have more white hairs through the coat than does. Ears should be erect and alertly carried. The face is straight or dished. A Roman nose is discriminated against.
The Saanen dairy goat originated in Switzerland. It is medium to large in size with rugged bone and plenty of vigor. Does should be feminine, however, and not coarse. Saanen are white or light cream in color, with white preferred. Spots on the skin are not discriminated against. Small spots of color on the hair are allowable, but not desirable. The hair should be short and fine, although a fringe over the spine and thighs is often present. Ears should be erect and alertly carried, preferably pointing forward. The face should be straight or dished. A tendency toward a Roman nose is discriminated against. SABLE The Sable dairy goat is medium to large in size with rugged bone and plenty of vigor. Does should be feminine, however, and not coarse. Their hair is short; ears should be erect and alertly carried, preferably pointing forward. The face should be straight or dished. The Sable may be any color or combination of colors, solid or patterned, EXCEPT solid white or solid light cream.
The Toggenburg is a Swiss dairy goat from the Toggenburg Valley of Switzerland. This breed is medium size, sturdy, vigorous, and alert in appearance. The hair is short to long in length, soft, and fine. Its color is solid varying from light fawn to dark chocolate with no preference for any shade. Distinct white markings are as follows: white ears with dark spot in middle; two white stripes down the face from above each eye to the muzzle; hind legs white from hocks to hooves; forelegs white from knees downward with dark vertical stripe below knee acceptable; a white triangle on each side of the tail; white spot may be present at root of wattles or in that area if no wattles are present. Varying degrees of cream markings instead of pure white acceptable, but not desirable. The ears are erect and carried forward. Facial lines may be dished or straight, never Roman.